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Vietnam’s Offshore Wind Development Roadmap

Posted on 09 June 2021

Vietnam’s Offshore Wind Development Roadmap

New report provides strategic analysis of Vietnam’s offshore wind potential

World Bank Group have launched the Offshore Wind Roadmap for Vietnam. The roadmap provides strategic analysis of the offshore wind development potential in Vietnam It was prepared, under contract to the World Bank, by BVG Associates in association with Atkins, Frontier Economics, Sterling Technical Services (Vietnam) and Mr. Du Van Toan.

Vietnam has an energetic and abundant offshore wind resource that is located close to demand centres and in relatively shallow water—although this roadmap focuses on areas further offshore which have higher wind speeds and energy yields. The roadmap shows how offshore wind could play a significant role in sustainably meeting Vietnam’s rapidly growing electricity demand and has the potential to supply 12 percent of Vietnam’s electricity by 2035. By replacing coal-fired generation, this could help to avoid over 200 million metric tons of CO2 emissions and add at least US$50 billion to Vietnam’s economy by stimulating the growth of a strong, local supply chain, creating thousands of skilled jobs, and exporting to other offshore wind markets globally.

“Vietnam’s economy and carbon emissions will benefit significantly from the development of an offshore wind sector,” said Neil Douglas, Director at BVG Associates. “Our experience in developed offshore wind markets is that ambitious, long-term targets serve as cornerstones for cost reduction and industry development.”

The roadmap analyses two possible growth scenarios for Vietnam’s offshore wind industry. The ‘low growth’ scenario with moderate expansion of offshore wind, resulting in offshore wind supplying 5 percent of Vietnam’s electricity needs by 2035. The ‘high growth’ scenario has significant expansion of offshore wind, resulting in offshore wind supplying 12 percent of Vietnam’s electricity needs by 2035.

The roadmap suggests that regulations, legislation, processes, and infrastructure need to be developed to deliver the vision that is eventually set by the Government of Vietnam. The roadmap provides a series of recommended next steps to help create the conditions to establish and grow an industry.

The report was formally launched at webinar aimed at key Vietnamese stakeholders on 9 June. The study is intended to support collaboration between the Government of Vietnam and the wind industry. It does not represent the views of the Government of Vietnam

This roadmap, a joint WB-IFC study, is one of a series of offshore wind roadmap studies commissioned by the World Bank Group under the joint ESMAP-IFC Offshore Wind Development Program. Funding for this study was provided by the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP).